The milk which is produced in the mother’s breast is the ‘breast feeding’ .The child sucks the milk from the breasts and consumes milk. A recently born baby cannot absorb any type of food including the cow’s milk.
The digestive system of new born kids are very soft that’s why their body cannot digest any kind of hard food. Mother’s milk or breast milk can provide a high content of nutrition to the child.
The baby grows healthy and strong when it consumes the mother’s milk.
According to the medical experts, breast feeding is the best source of nourishment for the child. However, some experts suggest the mothers provide their infants with only a certain quantity of milk in a day. They state that excessive feeding may lead to indigestion.
Today there are many methods of artificial breast feeding. They do not provide the kids with the same quantity of nutrition.
During the period of World War I many infants lost their lives due to the method of artificial breast feeding.
Lots of organizations like AAP, WHO all the world, which are promote and encourage breast feeding.
Breast milk found all those nutrients that are present in the blood of the mother. When the mother starts the first time feeding the child.
At that time, the form of milk is watery and the fat content is less. But the milk is rich in carbohydrates.
As the woman continues her feeding the texture of the milk gets thicker.
There are many advantages to breast feeding. The chances for a woman to develop diseases like breast cancer are less. She burns her extra calories in the body.
It helps her to regulate her body weight. It is an advantage to her infant also. The antibodies present in the mother’s body pass on to the child’s body.
Breast feeding brings a great sense of physiological fulfillment to the mother. She experiences her motherly image. She can create a close bond between her child.
It benefits the child in many ways. The physical development of the child depends upon the mother’s breast feeding. the mother can maintain her hormonal balance by breast feeding.
Although an extensive study conducted by the medical experts speak about the advantages of breast feeding, some degree of risk is also associated.
The child may develop SIDS but the cases of deaths due to breast feeding are very less. However, the risk factor for death may be due to some other complications also.
Diseases Related to Breast Feeding
Some of the diseases that are related to breast feeding are
- multiple sclerosis
- Hodkin’s lymphoma.
- urinary tract infection.
Benefits of Breast Feeding
Breast feeding provides many other benefits. The body is immunized . Therefore the growth of microorganisms into the body is hampered.
Breast Feeding produced immunity, which is fight against the harmful microorganisms.
It helps in easy recovery against injuries or small bruises that may be caused to the body at some point in time.
The other nutrients derived from the breast milk are
- amino acids,
- and taurine
that helps in the development of brain and nerve function. But the cow’s milk provide a chemical called beta-lactoglobin that helps to fight against the allergies.
Breast feeding does not require any finance. It provides a high degree of energy to the baby. Breast feeding provide relaxation to the mother as chemicals such as oxytocin and prolactin is hormones produced in the body.
If a mother begins to breast feed her child immediately after giving birth. The levels of oxytocin increase in the mother body.
Mother’s milk is nothing but the fat that is accumulated in the body during pregnancy.
Hence Breast feeding the child in a day, mother can lose calories. Excessive breast feeding is also not suggestible because the ovulation process cannot be regained faster.
Later on, in the future, she can encounter the problem of irregular menstruation’s.
Some women have already experienced better health status. Most of the diabetic mothers started using less insulin.
The children who are fed for more than eight months have rich mineral content formed in their bones.
Some woman have also experience a calm state of mind after breast feeding. After childbirth, some of them face mild depression disorder because after they start breast feeding, they gain stability of mind.
According to research, the average weight growth of the child after breast feeding including
- He gains 175 gms in four months.
- 113-142 in 4 to 6 months.
- Within one year he gains around 57-117 gms.
The Technique of Breast Feeding
There are many difficulties involved in the process of breast feeding . Although it is a natural human activity.
Therefore the hospital staffs, lactation consultants, midwives or nurses consult the mothers not to weight, bathe or carry any activity until the child is the first breast fed.
The ideal time to start breast feeding is immediately one hour before the childbirth. The mother is consulted to breastfeed the child after every two to three hours or eight sessions. Initially content of milk production will be higher.
Initially, the mother may experience frequent thirst but will reduce it gradually.
The laws in the U.S. have made liberal that a woman can conveniently breastfeed her child anywhere she goes.
Special rooms are constructed in public places such as markets, stations, where the mother can take the child for breast feeding.